ABC Definition & Meaning
ABC Definition & Meaning

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Therefore, organs and tissues can begin to die if they do not receive enough oxygen. The military frequently use a CABC approach, where the first C stands for “catastrophic haemorrhage”. Violent trauma cases indicate that major blood loss will kill a casualty before an airway obstruction, so measures to prevent hypovolemic shock should occur first. This is often accomplished by immediately applying a tourniquet to the affected limb.

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ABC analysis is a method used for inventory categorisation. Also, it is used for prioritising problems, tasks, products or activities. In summary, ABC analysis involves placing inventory in categories according to benefit and use. The Virginia Alcoholic Beverage Control Authority administers ABC laws with an emphasis on public safety by ensuring an orderly and regulated system for convenient sales and responsible consumption of alcohol. The profits that Virginia ABC contributes—collected from sales of distilled spirits at 395 stores across the commonwealth, taxes collected on beer and wine sales, violation penalties and license fees—provide much-needed funding for use in a multitude of state programs. Virginia ABC offers a wide selection of merchandise—including mixers, vermouth and Virginia-made wines in addition to liquor—with more than 3,500 items available in its online product catalog.


Typically, it is a format that is used when an external observer is available who has the time and ability to observe and document behaviors during specified periods of the day. From this data, we can see that when Joe is asked to end an activity he is enjoying , he screams, refuses to leave, and ignores. We also can see that the response to Joe’s refusal consists mostly of empty threats. If we follow Joe throughout the day, we may find that he is asked repeatedly to follow directions.

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First, place the heel of one hand on the centre of the person’s chest, then put the palm of the other hand on top and push down 5 to 6 cm (2 to 2.5 inches) at a constant rate of 100 to 120 compressions per minute. CPR begins with 30 compressions of the chest, followed by two rescue breaths. One of the most widely used adaptations is the addition of “DR” in front of “ABC”, which stands for Danger and Response. This refers to the guiding principle in first aid to protect yourself before attempting to help others, and then ascertaining that the patient is unresponsive before attempting to treat them, using systems such as AVPU or the Glasgow Coma Score. As the original initialism was devised for in-hospital use, this was not part of the original protocol.

Observing Behavior Using A-B-C Data

One powerful feature of the bookkeeping boston Model is that it focuses on the relationship between an observable behavior and the environment in which it occurs. This moves the focus away from an individual’s particular diagnosis or history, and towards making changes that can address a problem behavior in the here and now. Ultimately, the ABC Model can be used to develop interventions that change or modify the antecedents and consequences of a problem behavior in order to treat it (Carr & LeBlanc, 2003; Kuyken, Padesky & Dudley, 2009; Yoman, 2008).


In this simple usage, the rescuer is required to open the airway (using a technique such as “head tilt – chin lift”), then check for normal breathing. These two steps should provide the initial assessment of whether the patient will require CPR or not. Once accurate and sufficient data is collected, planning, modifications, instruction, and feedback are easier, more valid, and effective. ABC data collection can be used for all individuals with behavior issues at home and in school, not just those on the autism spectrum. Agents will be alert to the collection of evidence that may indicate where the alcoholic beverage was obtained. Such evidence can include false identification, receipts, bags, labels, and statements of witnesses.


ABC Agents will conduct a simultaneous investigation to determine where the alcoholic beverages were acquired, purchased, or served. TRACE is a protocol wherein first responders to alcohol-related emergencies immediately notify ABC when an incident involves a person under 21 and an alcoholic beverage that results in great bodily injury or death. Or anyone charged with vehicular manslaughter that was under the influence of alcohol regardless of their age. Salespeople who have abandoned the “Always Be Closing” paradigm and focus on “Always Be Helping” will have different strategies for attracting prospects at each stage. And if you, as a sales rep, know how to present your company on the initial stages of inquiry and how to accompany your prospects to resolve their questions throughout the process, they will surely choose to work with you. If you know how to prioritize clients correctly, you will have no problem reaching 110% of your sales goals and much more.

  • These two steps should provide the initial assessment of whether the patient will require CPR or not.
  • ABC and its variations are initialism mnemonics for essential steps used by both medical professionals and lay persons when dealing with a patient.
  • Such evidence can include false identification, receipts, bags, labels, and statements of witnesses.
  • The ABC technique is used across a wide variety of settings.

Once oxygen can be delivered to the lungs by a clear airway and efficient breathing, there needs to be a circulation to deliver it to the rest of the body. Rescuers are often warned against mistaking agonal breathing, which is a series of noisy gasps occurring in around 40% of cardiac arrest victims, for normal breathing. Our focus is your convenience – order online from your laptop, desktop, or smartphone 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. Our fast shipping, low prices, and outstanding customer service make WebstaurantStore the best choice to meet all of your professional and food service supply needs.

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Sugai, G., Horner, R.H., Dunlap, G., Hieneman, M., Nelson, C.M., Scott, T., Liaupsin, C., Sailor, W., Turnbull, A.P., Turnbull III, H.R.; Wickham, D., Wilcox, B., and Ruef, M. Applying positive behavior support and functional behavioral assessment in schools. Initially, TRACE was funded with a grant from the Office of Traffic Safety . This funding paid for overtime, equipment, and creation of support mechanisms, training videos and printing. After making a walk-through inspection two days before closing on the property, the purchasers prepared a list of items that they thought should be covered under the terms of the contract.

At all levels of care, the ABC protocol exists to remind the person delivering treatment of the importance of airway, breathing, and circulation to the maintenance of a patient’s life. These three issues are paramount in any treatment, in that the loss any one of these items will rapidly lead to the patient’s death. The three objectives are so important to successful patient care that they form the foundation of training for not only first aid providers but also participants in many advanced medical training programs. The following is an example of ABC data collection. This ABC is considered a direct observation format because you must be directly observing the behavior when it occurs.

  • Also, list the formulas used to compute each ratio.
  • In the event that the patient is not breathing normally, the current international guidelines indicate that chest compressions should be started.
  • Which of the following is NOT considered a walk-through item?
  • Assessment is the key to developing an effective program and tracking the progress of individuals.

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We can overcome these barriers by planning, matching collection strategies to the setting, and simplifying the data collection chart. Remember anyone (e.g., parents, educators, teachers, support personnel, administrators) can take the data when given clear direction and parameters. Here is an example taken from what Joe’s parents know about his situation at home using the ABC approach. Notice the responses have already been established on the form. These are the responses that are typically identified as motivating behavior.

The ABC Model will be most useful when used repeatedly to monitor the behavior to gain a baseline, and alongside more general event logs and diaries to create a detailed picture of antecedents and consequences. The therapist’s goal is to create a formulation for the behavior that gives a description of its function and answers the questions “What does this behavior achieve? Addressing circulation initially by chest compressions ensures vital blood flow to organs such as the brain and heart. Virginia ABC believes in a multi-faceted approach to alcohol education and prevention and includes individuals, families, licensees and communities in its programming curriculum. The agency offers alcohol prevention and public education initiatives to include training and resources for Virginians of all ages, schools, coalitions, health care providers and those who sell and serve alcohol.

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Airway, breathing, and circulation are all vital for life, and each is required, in that order, for the next[which? Previously, the guidelines indicated that a pulse check should be performed after the breathing was assessed, and this made up the ‘circulation’ part of the initialism, but this pulse check is no longer recommended for lay rescuers. Some trainers continue to use circulation as the label for the third step in the process, since performing chest compressions is effectively artificial circulation, and when assessing patients who are breathing, assessing ‘circulation’ is still important.

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Are there consequences of the behavior that make the same behavior more likely in the future? Consequences can become future antecedents in another round/chain of ABC. It can help to train clients and to record as many details as possible when the behavior occurs. When designing an intervention, this can aid both the reduction of the problem behavior and the increase of adaptive behaviors . Target behaviors should be described in concrete terms, ideally with a specific definition of the selected behaviors so that they can be measured (e.g. “Child’s yelping behavior”, or “Strong feeling of anxiety that is self-rated to be 8 out of 10 or higher”). As well as identifying the problem behavior that is targeted to be reduced, it is helpful to identify adaptive behaviors that could be increased.

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